Many people wonder what phobias are and what are the most common phobias. Specific phobias are those where a person has an intense and irrational fear of a specific thing and are one of three classifications of phobias according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV). Approximately 7% to 12% of people are believed to meet diagnostic criteria for at least one specific phobia during their lifetimes.
You wish it were as ‘kewl’ as emo angst, but it’s not. It’s not feigned world-weariness. For most people, there’s nothing poetic or philosophical about it.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is one type of psychological treatment used for mood and anxiety disorders, including the treatment of phobias. Cognitive behavioral therapy is a form of treatment that focuses on examining the relationships between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. It is a widely utilized type of psychotherapy in the U.
A safe bet to take would be one that claims not a single adult in the world did not suffer from some variety of stress. Stress is responsible for more loss of productivity, missed days, and illness than any other thing in the entire world. It affects millions of people on a daily basis.
The phenomenon of anxiety represents but one of many separate but interrelated "strategies” for dealing with threat and thus should be analyzed within the total framework of an organism's responses to danger. In the broadest sense, these responses include not only those patterns generally associated with anxiety but also the class of hostile behaviors associated with anger. W.
ADAPTATIONAL ASPECTS When we consider such reactions as anxiety, inhibition, blanking out, fainting, it is not at all clear what useful function they serve. However, when we regard these symptoms as having served a function in the evolution of our species, their presence begins to make sense. Terms such as teleonomic and adaptational are used to refer to behaviours that have had survival value in an evolutionary sense (Lorenz 1980).
While a large proportion of writers concur with Freud's concept, some, like P. Hoch, have challenged the logic of his formulation. Hoch posed the question, “If anxiety is a signal that repressed instinctual forces have begun to erupt, why should the alarm burn down the house?" (1950, p.
Making a distinction between affective response and cognitive process resolves semantic contradictions like "realistic" or "neurotic anxiety," "rational anxiety" or "irrational anxiety. " It is illogical to qualify an emotion or a feeling state with adjectives ("rational" or "irrational," for example) that are usually applied to ideas or concepts. One can label a fear as being realistic or unrealistic, rational or irrational.
The definitions of fear and anxiety are often confounded, the words being used interchangeably for the same general concept, even though there are obvious advantages to using two distinct words to designate separate though related phenomena. In order better to understand the meanings of these terms, consider their dictionary definitions and derivations. The traditional meanings are more useful in clarifying the semantic and conceptual confusion than are some contemporary distinctions made by behavioural scientists.
An accomplished violinist finds that his fingers become stiff as he starts to play in front of an audience. A student taking an oral examination finds that her mind has gone blank and she is unable to talk. A medical student participating in his first operation starts to faint.
The two most widely used classifications today are ICD-10 and DSM-IV-TR (Tables 1. 1–1. 4).
Phobias in the past From Hippocrates to the 18th century, phobic problems were described occasionally but not distinguished clearly as disorders in their own right. ‘‘Phobia’’ began to be used as a term early in the 19th century, after which it gradually gained acceptance in its current sense: an intense fear that is out of proportion to the apparent stimulus, cannot be explained or reasoned away, and leads to avoidance of the feared stimulus.
Fear of the dark is a common fear or phobia among children and, to a varying degree, adults. A fear of the dark does not always concern darkness itself; it can also be a fear of possible or imagined dangers concealed by darkness. Some degree of fear of the dark is natural, especially as a phase of child development.