The Paradox of Anxiety

An accomplished violinist finds that his fingers become stiff as he starts to play in front of an audience. A student taking an oral examination finds that her mind has…

Classifications of Phobic disorders

The two most widely used classifications today are ICD-10 and DSM-IV-TR (Tables 1.1–1.4). ICD-10 lists, under the heading ‘‘Neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders’’, F40 Phobic anxiety disorders, the diagnoses F40.0…

History of Phobias

Phobias in the past From Hippocrates to the 18th century, phobic problems were described occasionally but not distinguished clearly as disorders in their own right. ‘‘Phobia’’ began to be used…