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Realistic and unrealistic fears

Making a distinction between affective response and cognitive process resolves semantic contradictions like "realistic" or "neurotic anxiety," "rational anxiety" or "irrational anxiety." It is illogical to qualify an emotion or a feeling state with adjectives ("rational" or "irrational," for example) that are usually applied to ideas or concepts.

One can label a fear as being realistic or unrealistic, rational or irrational. A fear is realistic if based on a sensible assumption, logic and reasoning, and objective observation. It is unrealistic if based on fallacious assumptions and faulty reasoning and is contrary to observation. Anxiety, on the other hand, cannot be labeled realistic or unrealistic because it refers to an affective response not to a process of evaluating reality.

Freud made a distinction between realistic anxiety and neurotic anxiety (1915-17). He regarded realistic anxiety as "something very rational and intelligible" and "a reaction to the perception of external danger"-that is, of an injury which is expected and foreseen. He regarded anxiety as being "connected with the flight reflex" and as "a manifestation of the self preservative instinct" (pp. 393-94). According to Freud, neurotic anxiety results from the perception of internal danger (1926).

He proposed that neurotic anxiety is an affective reaction that occurs when unconscious impulses threaten to become conscious, and results from the fear of the consequences if the defense mechanisms fail and allow the demands of the id to push a person into impulsive instinctual action.

Posted in About on Oct 25, 2019.

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Psychology term of the day

April 22nd 2021


Fear of the dark is a common fear or phobia among children and, to a varying degree, adults. A fear of the dark does not always concern darkness itself; it can also be a fear of possible or imagined dangers concealed by darkness. Some degree of fear of the dark is natural, especially as a phase of child development.